This is similar to the Jewish practice of rendering Yahweh as YHVH, YH or YY.
They typically date Mark between 65–75, Matthew at mid 80s, Luke and Acts between 83–90 and John about the turn of the first century.So with a time gap of 35–75 years, there is allegedly no chance that the gospels are reliable records."Eisenman...reveals an unexpectedly lyrical voice in this collection of poems, written between 19 on the overland trail to India via Paris (when it was still 'a Moveable Feast'), Israel, Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. "'Ad,' 'Thamud,' 'Hud,' and 'Salih' as Reflecting Edessene/Northern Syrian Conversion Stories about 'Thomas,' 'Addai'/'Thaddaeus', 'Yehudah' ( 'Judas Thomas'/'Judas the Zealot'/'Judas Barsabas' ), and James." vol. Northern Syria as an Area for Many Language References at Qumran, paper presented at the International Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Denver, 2005. The Theory of Judeo-Christian Origins: The Last Column of the Damascus Document, in volume 25, 1988. Presented at the Society of Biblical Literature in 1978. Paper presented at the Society of Biblical Literature in 1976. Digging on the Temple Mount: A Modest Proposal, The Jerusalem Post, September 16, 2007.A backpacker's journal in free verse - which can be looked upon as an 'anti-Beat Manifesto' and even includes some 'quasi-prophecy' - vol. An Esoteric Relation between Qumran's "New Covenant in the Land of Damascus" and the New Testament's "Cup of the New Covenant in (His) Blood"? Archaeological GPR investigations at Rennes-Le-Château, France. From the Proceedings of SPIE (the International Society for Optical Engineering), 2002. (First given as an NEH Fellow at the Albright Institute for Archaeological Research in Jerusalem in a Joint Session with the Ecole Biblique in November, 1985.) * The Jerusalem Community of James the Just and the Community at Qumran. The Dismissal of Strugnell as Editor of the Scrolls and the Behaviors of the IAA, Unpublished, 1992. Christiane Amanpur's God's Warriors, "the Jews", and the "Occupied Territories" - Is This For Real? The Jesus Tomb: Primeval Stupidity, The Huffington Post, March 8, 2007."Matthew published a written gospel for the Hebrews in their own tongue, while Peter and Paul were preaching the gospel in Rome and founding the church there. Lastly, John ..." (Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 3.1.2; cf. E., 5.8) Pantaenus, c.180s, an early church missionary and Bible scholar, travelled to India to preach the gospel but found that the apostle Bartholomew had gone there before and left behind Matthew's gospel, "the traditional view of the four gospels which alone are undeniably authentic in the church of God on earth.
After their passing, Mark also, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, transmitted to us in writing the things preached by Peter. First to be written was that of the one-time exciseman who became an apostle of Jesus Christ - Matthew; it was published for believers of Jewish origin, and was composed in Hebrew letters/language.
Paper given at Mogilany Conference in Poland, 1987. Paper given at Society of Biblical Literature conference in 1984; published in the ed. The Desecration of the Scrolls, Thug Capitalism and Free Enterprise, Jerusalem Post, June 26, 2013. Israeli Geniuses: A Lesson in Strategic Imbecility, Jerusalem Post, September 17, 2011. Rehabilitating Judas Iscariot, The Huffington Post, January 23, 2006. A Discovery That's Just Too Perfect, Los Angeles The Nuclear Threat to Israel All the World Loves a Winner (or The Danger of Letting the Arabs "Think" You Lost a War to Them") Arab Class Structure and the New Terrorism WAR TERRITORY DESTINY: Essays on Israel, the Arabs, and the Jewish People The Problem With Rabbinic Judaism.
Sharon, Hero of Israel, 'Feeds the Crocodile', Jerusalem Post, November 17, 2012. Why We Must Stop Being "Jews" or Why We Must Become “Hebrews” Once Again: An Essay on the Rebuilding of the Third Temple Cyprus - Aprodite's Isle Dr.
Few people, whether religious or not, would deny an historical dependency; the great ethical teachers tended to be prophets or founders of religion, and for most of human history the influential ethical authorities tended to be religious authorities.
Of course, atheists could cheerfully admit this historical point and then claim that, in western culture at least, the 18 century Enlightenment changed that dependency, encouraging ethicists to avoid religious or theological assumptions and, as Immanuel Kant famously put it in his essay “What is Enlightenment? Christian ethicists can affirm the need to think for one’s self but claim that such thinking reveals that ethics depends on theology in ways other than merely historical.
One venerable view is the meta-ethical theory that ethics requires a theological foundation in order to avoid nihilism (no real values) or subjectivism (values are relative to each person).